A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

A

Acceleration
Acceleration is the rate at which the vehicle speed increases. It is the opposite of deceleration.
Accelerometer
A device that measures acceleration.
Active GPS tracking device
Also: Active GPS tracker. GPS tracking device that sends data to a central server at regular intervals. This allows real-time track and trace of a vehicle, including geo-fencing.
Analog tachograph
In-vehicle device that records speed, distance, and driving time on an analog device.
API
An application-programming interface (API) is a set of programming instructions and standards for accessing a web-based software application or web tool. It allows software applications to connect, communicate, and exchange information or functionality with each other.

B

BeiDou
Formerly known as COMPASS. Chinese version of a Global Navigation Satellite System.
Bluetooth
A wireless connection used for everyday equipment like computers and phones. It only connects over a short distance and basically replaces cable connections. This makes it especially useful for equipment used outdoors, such as mobile phones and portable navigation devices.
Business integration
The integration of a fleet management solution with existing business applications. An example of a typical systems integration is connecting a fleet management solution with a workforce management system. This enables optimization of daily operations through dynamic scheduling of deliveries, resources, and loads.

C

CAN bus
Controller Area Network bus. Vehicle bus standard that allows a vehicle’s electronic control units, such as engine, anti-lock braking/ABS, airbags, cruise control, electronic fuel injection, automatic transmission, and battery systems, to communicate with each other without a central computer.
Carbon emission
The release of carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere. In relation to vehicles, carbon emissions are considered to be the exhaust gases produced by internal combustion engines running on gasoline or diesel.
Carbon reporting (CO2 report)
Reporting that allows detailed monitoring of a fleet’s carbon footprint CO2 information about every vehicle and trip.
Coasting
Keeping a vehicle moving without accelerating while the vehicle remains in gear. When coasting, no fuel is injected into the engine and therefore no fuel is consumed. It is recommended not to coast while the vehicle is out of gear or with the clutch depressed as this is dangerous because it reduces driver control.
Connected car
A motor vehicle that is equipped with in-car telematics. This allows connections to other devices in the car or services, networks, and devices outside the car.
Coordinates
A set of numbers, or references, that identify your position anywhere on the Earth. Your coordinates are usually stated in terms of latitude and longitude. By knowing that the coordinates of Amsterdam are 52° 22’ latitude and 4° 53’ longitude, you can pinpoint Amsterdam’s exact location on a map.

D

Dashboard
A dashboard is a visual display of Key Performance Indicators (KPI), shown in one view, making it easy to stay constantly updated on the information that is important to a business. For example, a fleet management dashboard delivers rich, real-time information about the vehicles in a fleet.
Deceleration
Deceleration is the rate at which the vehicle speed decreases. It is the opposite of acceleration.
Digital tachograph
In-vehicle device that digitally records speed, distance, and driving time.
Driver terminal
Device and interface which drivers have in their cars that offer functionality such as navigation, work on orders, communication with the dispatch, analyzing driving behavior, levels of eco-friendly driving, driving style improvements, logbook, and more.
Driving behavior
Driving behavior is an indication of how a driver drives the vehicle and is determined from various inputs such as speed, braking, coasting, gear shifting, idling, and steering. Driving behavior can positively impact fuel costs, maintenance, and insurance premiums and help reduce the total cost of vehicle ownership.
Driving event
A driving event occurs when a driver exceeds a certain level of deceleration or acceleration. It is measured by an accelerometer and recorded during braking, cornering and steering, and sudden deceleration, such as a crash.
Driving style
How safely and efficiently drivers behave on the road.
Dynamic dispatching
Procedures to assign jobs to drivers. In fleet management it allows order dispatching from start to finish. Status location and ETA information allows selection of the most suitable driver for a particular job. Instructions and job updates can be sent to remote driver terminals.

F

Fleet management
An industry term used for a broad range of solutions for vehicle-related applications that help companies manage their fleets of vehicles, such as cars, vans, trucks, and buses.
Fleet management system
A combination of vehicle-based technology and Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) that helps businesses improve vehicle performance, save fuel, improve driver safety, aid risk management, and increase overall fleet efficiency.
Fleet manager
The person within a company responsible for everything related to company vehicles and drivers.
Fleet optimization
All activities related to making a fleet of vehicles more effective and efficient through the use of a fleet management solution. For example, actionable insights that are derived from detailed reports about fuel usage by individuals and the fleet.
Fleet tracking
Track and trace of a complete fleet of vehicles such as cars, vans, trucks, and buses. It allows detailed monitoring of a fleet's location, movements, status, and behavior.
Fuel consumption
Fuel usage of a vehicle measured in l/100 km or MPG (miles per gallon). These metrics act as a standard way of defining and comparing a vehicle’s fuel consumption and efficiency.
Fuel efficiency
The relationship between fuel usage and distance traveled.
Fuel monitoring
Monitoring of the fuel consumption and statistics of vehicles within a fleet in order to reduce fuel costs and improve driving behavior.

G

GALILEO
The European counterpart to GPS.
Geo-fencing
A feature of vehicle tracking systems which uses GPS to define geographical boundaries. It can alert a dispatcher when a vehicle driver deviates from his route or enters or leaves pre-defined geographical areas. There is a distinction between server-side and vehicle-side geo-fencing. Vehicle-side triggers an instant alert when the vehicle enters a geographical area. Server-side triggers an alert, sent by the fleet management server, when the vehicle position is received and processed by the server.
GLONASS
Russian version of a Global Navigation Satellite System.
GNSS
A space-based Global Navigation Satellite System that provides geolocation and time information to a GNSS receiver anywhere on or near the Earth where there is an unobstructed line of sight to four or more GNSS satellites. Various GNSS systems are available, such as GPS, GALILEO, GLONASS, and BeiDou. Navigation and tracking devices will not be compatible with all GNSS systems. GPS is the most commonly-used system for vehicle tracking and navigation.
GPRS
General Packet Radio Service. A system for transmitting high-speed wireless information. It is used for the internet, mobile phones, computers, and other data. GPRS is the world’s main system for transmitting mobile phone data.
GPS
Global Positioning System. United States version of a Global Navigation Satellite System. GPS is a satellite-based radio navigation system that consists of up to 32 space satellites, developed by the US Department of Defense. Anyone traveling with a GPS receiver can determine their own position and velocity, thanks to orbiting GPS satellites that are free to use, 24/7, anywhere in the world.
GPS tracking device
Also: GPS tracker. A vehicle tracking device which uses GPS technology.
GPS vehicle tracking
Tracking of vehicles using a device with GPS technology which captures the vehicle location and other information. There are active and passive GPS tracking devices.

H

HGV/LGV
Abbreviation for a heavy or large goods vehicle and the official EU term for a truck that has a gross weight over 3500 kg.

I

Idle time
Idle time is the time a vehicle stands still with the engine running or the time the vehicle is moving very slowly. Idle time is typically recorded after five minutes.
Idling
Running the engine of a vehicle when the vehicle is not in motion. Common idling situations are standing still at a red light or waiting while parked with the engine running. Reducing idling has a positive effect on fuel consumption and CO2 emissions.
Informative tracing
Detailed information about the movement history of a vehicle, in the form of a trail on a map. It includes insights into vehicle movements, highlighting anomalies and exposing patterns.
ISO-27001
An international information security standard issued by the International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO) which provides a set of standardized requirements and specifications for an information security management system. Being ISO-27001 certified underpins that an organization is in complete control of their processes and that client data is secure.

L

Latitude
Geographic coordinate that specifies the north–south position of a point on the Earth's surface.
LCV
Abbreviation for light commercial vehicle and the official EU term for a vehicle that has a gross weight of up to 3500 kg.
Logbook
The administration of vehicle trips for tax purposes by classifying trips as business or private.
Longitude
Geographic coordinate that specifies the east–west position of a point on the Earth's surface.

M

Mileage registration
The manual or automatic registration of miles or kilometers driven in a vehicle.

O

OBD-II / OBD2
On-Board Diagnostics is automotive terminology for a vehicle’s self-diagnostic and reporting capability. OBD systems were designed to monitor engine performance as well as provide early warnings of malfunctions. It assists in the service and repair of vehicles because it allows quick and simple retrieval of vital automobile diagnostics information from the OBD system using simple scanning tools. The OBD system was introduced by car manufacturers in the 1980s, and the most modern version is OBD-II. In most cars or light commercial vehicles the OBD-II port can be found below the steering wheel.

P

Passive GPS tracking device
Also: Passive GPS tracker. GPS tracking device that stores data without sending it to a central server. Data is downloaded and evaluated when the vehicle returns to its home base.
PAYD
Pay As You Drive. Insurance costs or discounts based on mileage. Also known as UBI.
PHYD
Pay How You Drive. Insurance costs or discounts based on personal driving behavior (e.g. braking, accelerating, speeding). Also known as UBI.
POI
Points of Interest or POIs are useful places on the map, for example fuel stations, garages, or hotels.

R

Route optimization
The process of planning and optimizing routes for a vehicle or a fleet of vehicles by taking into account location, driving time, and distance.
RPM
Revolutions per minute. Commonly used to measure the rotational speed of a mechanical component, such as engine speed.

S

SaaS-Platform
Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) is a software distribution model where a provider hosts applications and makes them accessible to clients over the internet. You pay for the usage instead of buying and being owner of the software. The SaaS provider is responsible for installation, maintenance, and support of the platform and it removes the expense of hardware, maintenance, and licensing from an organization.
Savings Calculator
An interactive web-based tool that helps companies gain insight into how much money and time they can potentially save using a fleet management solution.
Solution Advisor
An interactive web-based tool that helps companies get a recommendation for a fleet management solution that best fits their business.
Speeding time
This is the total time that a driver has driven over the speed limit.
Standstill
When a vehicle stops moving or changing its GPS position for a specific time interval. Standstill ends when the vehicle starts moving or changing its GPS position again.

T

Tachograph
A tachograph is a device that is placed in large vehicles, usually trucks and buses, to automatically record speed, distance, and driving time. It is legally required to use a tachograph if the driven vehicle falls under EU (European Union) or AETR (from French: Accord Européen sur les Transports Routiers) rules. It forces drivers and employers to accurately record their activities, keep these records, and send them on demand to authorities in charge of the enforcement of drivers’ working hours.
Tachograph manager
Tachograph Manager is a complete digital tachograph solution that allows remote and manual data downloads. It also allows analysis of driver performance data, from driving time to rest periods. All data is securely archived for easy retrieval.
Telematics
Telematics combines two words: telecommunications and informatics. It is a range of technologies that leverage connectivity (internet or short-range communications technology) with location, diagnostic, or other information to provide convenience (for example tire inflation notification or setting the vehicle's internal temperature), safety (for example location based warnings or road conditions), and communications services.
Track & trace
The process of determining the current and historic locations (and other information) of a vehicle or fleet using GPS technology.
Trip
A trip is a movement of a vehicle from a start position to an end position.

U

UBI (usage-based insurance)
Also known as PAYD (pay as you drive) or PHYD (pay how you drive). It is a type of insurance where the insurance costs depend on vehicle type, distance traveled, location, and driving behavior (for example harsh braking or quick acceleration). It encourages drivers to improve their driving behavior, which reduces road accidents and the number of insurance claims.

V

Vehicle tracing
Vehicle tracing is the ability to see a vehicle's historic positions, movements, and other events.
Vehicle tracking
Monitoring the position, movement, and other events of a vehicle in real time.
Vehicle tracking app
A mobile application that compliments a vehicle tracking device and allows real-time tracking.
Vehicle tracking device
A device equipped with GPS technology that is plugged into a vehicle and allows real-time track and trace of the vehicle's movements.
Vehicle tracking system
A device equipped with a GNSS technology, such as GPS, that is plugged into a vehicle and allows real-time track and trace of the vehicle's movements.
Vehicle type
Classification of a vehicle, for example car, van, truck, or bus.

W

Workforce management
A set of processes and features that an organization uses to improve the productivity of individual employees. In relation to fleet management, it helps improve communication between drivers on the road and in the office.
Working time registration
Automatic registration of a driver's working times using a driver terminal. It helps reduce administration time and optimize the performance of the team.